Periodontics-Gum Therapy

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Periodontal Disease | Scaling and Root planing | Gum grafting

The Progression of Periodontal Disease
When teeth are crowded, plaque with harmful bacteria can attach to the tooth surface down to the bottom of the pocket. Plaque can be difficult to remove from crowded areas because it is difficult to brush and floss here. Bacteria can cause gum tissue surrounding the tooth to degrade, and if not treated, result in bone loss.

Healthier Gums
Properly aligned teeth are easier to brush and floss than crowded or crooked teeth. Properly positioned teeth can help gums “fit” more tightly around them, which may lead to better periodontal health.

Improved Hygiene
With good oral hygiene, the chances of having plaque retention, tooth decay, and periodontal disease can be reduced.

Decreased Risk of Abnormal Wear and trauma
Properly aligned teeth also reduce the risk of expensive procedures required to repair the effects of abnormal force, such as tooth chipping, breaking, or wear; and can be less stressful on the supporting jaw bone and joints.

Scaling and Root Planing
If plaque and tartar is left on the teeth, it provides the right conditions for bacteria to thrive. The bacteria irritate the gums, which means that they bleed more easily. You may notice this if you are brushing your teeth, or eating, and sometimes your gums may bleed a bit. This is the early stage of gum disease called gingivitis.

If you have gingivitis, your dentist or hygienist will clean your teeth by scaling and polishing them. They may also recommend an antiseptic mouthwash containing chlorhexidine and show you how to brush and floss your teeth effectively. Most adults have some degree of gum disease and not addressing it at early stages can lead to other problems.

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Tissue Grafting
Exposed roots of teeth in the esthetic (smile) zone are very unappealing and are usually accompanied by high sensitivity to hot and cold foods or liquids. Gum recession can leave you at risk of developing a cavity on tooth root. This in turn may lead to progressive bone loss, eventually resulting in tooth loss.
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